State of Working India


SWI is intended to be a regular publication that brings together academics, journalists, policy-makers, and activists to reflect on the core concerns of the Centre.

The report is envisaged as both, an annual publication, in print and online form, as well as a website that aims to provide the public with an evidence-based overview of the quality and quantity of employment in the Indian economy, and to propose policy measures to achieve universal employment with regular incomes for all.

Download the complete report.
(This version of the report corrects some typographical errors in the earlier version)

Download Appendix Tables

Read media coverage of the report.

TESTIMONIALS FOR SWI 2018

The SWI 2018 is high-quality analysis of the latest available data on the employment situation in India. This will whet your appetite for future editions of SWI. The report leads to the inescapable conclusion that the jobs situation is regrettably grim, and a course correction in the pattern of growth alone will ensure India does not miss out on its demographic dividend. Simply becoming the fastest growing large economy in the world will not be enough.

Santosh Mehrotra, Professor, Centre for Informal Sector and Labour Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi

The State of Working India Report 2018 shows that despite high economic growth in the past decade, far fewer jobs have been created than is desirable, and there has been an increase in underemployment, unemployment and informal employment. Automation AI and new technologies might further worsen the situation. The report shows that wage growth has not kept in pace with productivity and economic growth, and a substantial proportion of the workers irrespective of the sector receive low wages. It calls for urgent action to develop a comprehensive employment policy to address these issues.

Uma Rani, Senior Economist, Research Department, International Labour Office (ILO), Geneva

State of Working India (SWI) – the maiden report from Azim Premji University’s Centre for Sustainable Employment – is a highly readable, illustrated, and a rigorous account of the labour market and the working class. Setting out with the national and regional scenarios, the report has incisive stories of what it means to be a miner in Rajasthan’s quarries or a wage worker under MGNREGA in West Bengal. A fine primer for anyone interested in India’s labour and its working conditions. A noteworthy effort … with loads of promise.

R. Nagaraj, Professor, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai