For data behind the figures below, click here.
Employment and Income
Workforce Participation by Gender
Workforce Participation in Rural and Urban India
Income in Rural and Urban India
- Source: Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy- Consumer Pyramids Household Survey (CMIE-CPHS)
- Note: Numbers in figures are authors’ calculations based on CMIE-CPHS. Incomes are in real terms and adjusted for seasonality. See State of Working India 2021 appendix for details.
- Team: Mrinalini Jha, Aishwarya Gawali and Pabitra Chowdhury (data); Shrivats Sudhir (visualisation)